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What are ABLE accounts?

Posted on November 10, 2021

Achieving a Better Life Experience or ABLE accounts are tax-advantaged savings accounts for individuals with disabilities and their families.

These accounts help disabled people pay qualified disability-related expenses without affecting their eligibility for government assistance programs.

Here is what you should know about qualifying for these accounts:

Qualified disability expenses

  • States can offer ABLE accounts to help people who become disabled before age 26 or their families pay for disability-related expenses.
  • These expenses include housing, education, transportation, health, prevention and wellness, employment training and support, assistive technology and personal support services.
  • Though contributions aren’t deductible for federal tax purposes, distributions, including earnings, are tax-free to the beneficiary, if they are used to pay qualified disability expenses.

Annual contribution limit

  • The 2021 contribution limit is $15,000.
  • However, some employed ABLE account beneficiaries may make an additional contribution up to the lesser of these amounts:
    • The designated beneficiary’s compensation for the tax year.
    • The poverty line for a one-person household. For 2021, this amount is $12,880 in the continental U.S., $16,090 in Alaska and $14,820 in Hawaii.

Saver’s credit

  • ABLE account designated beneficiaries may be eligible to claim the saver’s credit for a percentage of their contributions.
  • The beneficiary claims the credit on Form 8880, Credit for Qualified Retirement Savings Contributions. The saver’s credit is a non-refundable credit available to individuals who meet these three requirements:
    • Are at least 18 years old at the close of the taxable year
    • Are not a dependent or a full-time student
    • Meet the income requirements

Rollovers and transfers from 529 plans

  • Families may roll over funds from a 529 plan to another family member’s ABLE account.
  • The ABLE account must be for the same beneficiary as the 529 account or for a member of the same family as the 529 account holder. Rollovers from a section 529 plan count toward the annual contribution limit. (For example, the $15,000 annual contribution limit would be met by parents contributing $10,000 to their child’s ABLE account and rolling over $5,000 from a 529 plan to the same ABLE account.)

If you have a question relating to ABLE accounts, the Teipen CPA team is here to help get all questions about your specific situation figured out. Please don’t hesitate to call or email us.